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Tuesday, August 4, 2020 | History

2 edition of investigation into dynamic strength of knee muscles and function in elderly people. found in the catalog.

investigation into dynamic strength of knee muscles and function in elderly people.

Sonja Hlebs

investigation into dynamic strength of knee muscles and function in elderly people.

by Sonja Hlebs

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  • 13 Currently reading

Published by UEL .
Written in English


Edition Notes

Thesis (M.Sc.) Physiotherapy - University of East London, Institute of Health and Rehabilitation, 1994.

ContributionsUniversity of East London. Institute of Health and Rehabilitation.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL21254099M

These muscles not only act as powerful back extensors but also provide resistance that helps control the action of bending over at the waist. Following injury to back structures, these muscles go into spasms, a common source of lower back pain.   THE human aging process is accompanied by a significant decline in neuromuscular function and performance characterized by the inevitable reduction in skeletal muscle mass and strength ().Studies have shown that isometric, concentric, and eccentric muscle strength declines with advancing age (2,3).Muscle quality (strength per unit of cross-sectional Cited by:

  In addition, Thijs et al 34 found no correlation between hip muscle strength and a group of individuals that moved into dynamic knee valgus during a tennis by: Osteoarthritis (OA) The most common form of arthritis, osteoarthritis happens over time as the protective lining (cartilage) at the ends of the bones where they meet to form joints wears away. The cartilage breakdown causes the bones to rub against each other. This may result in pain, stiffness, the loss of movement and the formation of bony overgrowths (spurs).

the muscles and muscle groups that are most involved in causing a particular movement; in terms of strength training, these are the muscles that you intend to work in a specific exercise recruitment the simultaneous activation of several motor neurons, causing their motor units to contract at the same time, creating a stronger contraction and. Muscle Strength and Flexibility Characteristics of People Displaying Excessive Medial Knee Displacement David R. Bell, MEd, ATC, Darin A. Padua, PhD, ATC, Michael A. Clark, DPT, MS, PES, CES dynamic knee valgus motion is often theorized as a risk factor for acute knee injuries, such as noncontact ACL injury.


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Investigation into dynamic strength of knee muscles and function in elderly people by Sonja Hlebs Download PDF EPUB FB2

INTRODUCTION. Various researchers have reported that the lower limb muscle strength of patients who have suffered femoral neck fractures effects their mobility performance, such as in walking, and that adding high-load muscle strengthening training to existing physiotherapy interventions increases patients’ walking performance 1, 2, 3).

Madsen et al. 1) measured Cited by: 9. An investigation into the bilateral functional differences of the lower limb muscles in standing and walking These results can potentially be used for evaluating lower limb extremity function of special populations (elderly people or stroke patients) in an objective and simple method.

there are nine pairs of muscles form the walking Cited by: 3. Falls are a major health issue in the elderly people and an important cause of bone fracture. The aim of this study was to determine the association between quadriceps muscle strength (QMS) and falls in the elderly subjects.

All eligible participants of the Amirkola Cohort Study entered the study. Data regarding demographic characteristics, clinical and laboratory Cited by: 4. Exercise programs for elderly patients have received much attention recently for their potential role in preventing illness and injury, limiting functional loss and disability, and alleviating the.

The benefits of strength training in the elderly. % per year in isokinetic strength of the knee. Changes in the elbow flexors and extensors were less dramatic and more significant in men.

Nineteen young and healthy males ( years) were subjected to two strength training programs (dynamic and static) by using each of the knee extensor (quadriceps) muscles in each subject for each program. The duration of the study was 10 weeks with a frequency of three sessions per week.

Pre-training and post. Total muscle mass appears to decrease gradually from age 20 to 50 and then drop more markedly from age 50 to 6 Knee extensor muscles during jumping show gradually declining strength beyond age 30 and decline in endurance after age 7,8 This loss of muscle mass, strength, and endurance is likely secondary to a decrease in the number of.

The present study examined whether a sit-to-stand score can be related to the force-generating capacity of knee extensor muscles. Fifty-seven subjects (28 men, ± yrs, and 29 women, ± yrs, means ± SDs) performed a repeated sit-to-stand test as fast as possible, on a steel molded by: This study investigated the effects of heavy resistance training in elderly males with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

18 Home-dwelling male patients (age range: 65–80 years), with a mean forced expiratory volume in the first second (FEV 1) of 46±% of predicted value, were ne and post-training assessments included: Cross-sectional area Cited by: dynamic postural control tasks in elderly people. Therefore, it was important to evaluate the postural sway and the muscle co-contraction during dynamic postural control at fast speeds in elderly people.

However, the effect of speed on muscle co-contraction of ankle joint during dynamic postural control among young and elderly people remains. Clinical methods were used to remeasure dynamic and isometric quadriceps strength and functional mobility.

One repetition maximum quadriceps strength declined % (p Cited by: AQUINO M de A et al. - Isokinetic assessment of knee flexor/extensor muscular strength in elderly women.

Rev. Hosp. Clín. Fac. Med. Paulo 57(4), OBJECTIVE: To assess knee flexor-extensor muscular strength in elderly women with no previous history of musculoskeletal disorders on the lower limbs using an isokinetic dynamometer, in order to obtain data that. the people age 63 to 70 years had knee OA diagnosed ra-diographically, and among those 80 years or older, the prevalence increased to 44%.

Inresearchers found that nearly 12% of people age 65 years and older said that their activities were limited because of arthritis. 1 This number is likely to grow proportionally as elderly peopleFile Size: KB. Aging is associated with a progressive decline in muscle strength, muscle mass and impaired physical function, which reduces mobility and impairs quality of life in the elderly population.

The 6–12 months of exercise can enhance the muscle strength, but these improvements can only be maintained for a short period. In this study, we investigated the Cited by: 9.

Excessive ankle plantar flexion is the most common cause of knee hyperextension. Excessive knee flexion and inadequate knee extension can be caused by a number of factors, including soleus & gastrocnemius weakness, or quadriceps weakness.

Some people stand and move while "locking" the knee out straight, even pressing it backward. Knee Osteoarthritis affects approximately 6% of adults aged 30 years and 10% of people aged over 65 years worldwide 3. Research suggests that as population groups age, then the incidence of Osteoarthritis will increase and by current figures are expected to double 6.

Therefore, it was important to evaluate the postural sway and the muscle co-contraction during dynamic postural control at fast speeds in elderly people. However, the effect of speed on muscle co-contraction of ankle joint during dynamic postural control among young and elderly people remains by: 8.

"Muscle strength training is important for people with knee osteoarthritis (OA). High-resistance exercise has been demonstrated to be more beneficial than low-resistance exercise for young subjects.

The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of high- and low-resistance strength training in elderly subjects with knee OA" [1]. O showed significantly higher strength values than H as regard to knee extension only (P = ).

When strength data were normalised by body weight, PWS showed a 50% and a 70% reduction in PT as compared to O and H, respectively. Knee flexors strength values were on average half of those reported for extension in all of the three by:   The Pectoral, Quadriceps, Paraspinal, Abdominal and Ischial tibial and sural triceps muscles were elongated.

Strength Training Muscle strengthening was performed using weights and dumbbells. The training load individually determined through the test of strength with 10 repetitions maximum.

The load was reevaluated four weeks of training. An Investigation into Reliability of Knee Extension Muscle Strength Measurements, and into the Relationship between Muscle Strength and Means of Independent Mobility in the Ward: Examinations of Patients Who Underwent Femoral Neck Fracture Surgery [Purpose] The purpose of the present study was to investigate the reliability of isometric Cited by: 9.J Rheumatol.

Jul;30(7) A home-based protocol of electrical muscle stimulation for quadriceps muscle strength in older adults with osteoarthritis of the knee. Talbot LA, Gaines JM, Ling SM, Metter EJ.

The Johns Hopkins University, School of Nursing, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.The effects of a strength and neuromuscular exercise programme for the lower extremity on knee load, pain and function in obese children and adolescents: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial Brian Horsak1*, David Artner1, Arnold Baca2, Barbara Pobatschnig2, Susanne Greber-Platzer3, Stefan Nehrer4 and Barbara Wondrasch1 AbstractCited by: 9.